The Best Retirement Account for Young People - The Broke Professional

The Best Retirement Account for Young People

Dude.  Check out this new HSA I got.

Dude. Check out this new HSA I got.

When I graduated optometry school and was finally making real honest to goodness money, I didn’t really know what to do with it.  I knew I should save some for a rainy day, so I did that while paying off my student loans.  I wasn’t even doing that efficiently until I learned the Avalanche method.  I decided to start reading up on investing and money management in general, and eventually got my 401k funded, maxed out a Roth IRA and even started a 529 plan for my son.  Let me just pat myself on the back real fast.

But the account that I think has the most bang for the buck, especially for young people just out of school, is the Health Savings Account, or HSA.  I have written before about how great the HSA is, but over time I’ve come to realize that it’s not just a great account for most people, but it is an amazing, and dare I say “must have” account for young people especially.  That’s because it can serve as an emergency fund for short term healthcare expenses and also act as a retirement account.

A Versatile Account

HSA’s aren’t usually advertised as retirement accounts.  They are shown to be a benefit that comes with signing up for a High Deductible Health Plan (HDHP).  These plans usually have high deductibles and low monthly premiums, so you end up paying for your care out of pocket, but you pay less every month for the plan.  The HSA is there to set aside some money ($6,660 is the limit for families for 2015) pre-tax that will help you pay for those out of pocket costs.  This can serve as a kind of personal healthcare emergency fund, which you can use to augment your regular emergency fund sitting in your savings account.

While this is a great benefit in itself, it starts getting more interesting for the following 2 reasons:

  • Many HSA providers give you the option to choose investments.  These range from ultra conservative money market funds to aggressive stock funds.
  • Any type of non healthcare related expense that you use an HSA distribution for before the age of 65 will be taxed and you will have to pay a penalty.  But after 65, any type distribution can be taken penalty free.

Having investment choices and penalty free distributions after 65 makes this account almost exactly like a Traditional IRA.  But why is this a good thing for young people?  It’s because, for the most part, young people are healthy and don’t spend much on healthcare.  If you’re someone who is in relatively good health and doesn’t spend much on healthcare throughout the year, then the HSA is a fantastic choice.  You can leave the money in the account to grow from a young age, and when you get to be 65, you can start withdrawing the money for any type of retirement expense.  Along the way, you can always tap the money for any large healthcare expenses that come up.

Final Thoughts

For people like this, my advice is as follows:  Open an HSA as soon as you are able.  Contribute the maximum amount every year since this will help you save money on taxes.  If your provider has investment options, simply choose an aggressive fund with low fees and let it ride, changing to less aggressive funds as 65 gets closer.  Any small healthcare expenses can be paid out of your own pocket (with a credit card that earns rewards of course).  You may have to tap the account for any large expenses, but ithat’s okay since that what the account is for anyway!

This is a fairly simple strategy that can provide great diversification among your accounts.  If you are a young person with few healthcare costs, you will be doing your future self a great favor by signing up for an HSA and using it the right way.

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Comments

  1. What would you say are the advantages of HSAs over Roths?

    • They are both great accounts and work a little differently. Contributions and earnings are tax free with an HSA while earnings and withdrawals are tax free with a Roth. So it depends on your tax bracket. But for healthcare costs, the HSA is king because contributions, earnings and distributions are all tax free. A couple of other advantages for the HSA that come to mind are: 1. A lot of companies will chip in some money to help contribute to your HSA, typically $500-$1000 every year 2. There are no income limits to contribute to an HSA while there are income limits for a Roth.

      I have both accounts, but if I had to choose one to fund first I would go with an HSA.

  2. I just opened my HSA account this year after looking at how much I paid for health insurance last year. I went for one checkup and my husband had one minor emergency. Due to the fact that my employer gives us a free set amount of money each year anyway, we have never had to pay out of pocket at the doctor. So I asked myself why was I paying so much? I’m glad I switched to the HSA and even if something major does come up the deductible isn’t astronomical so it is worth the risk to me!

    • Great point. The deductible is higher than normal but isn’t astronomical like you said. After maxing out your HSA for a few years you’ll have enough to cover the deductible and then some.

  3. The HSA is the best retirement account for pretty much ANY age imo. It has all the benefits of an IRA plus more. It’s been a lifesaver for my wife and I as we’ve had 3 unexpected (and even more important, unavoidable) surgeries the past few years. Even better is the quiet times where we haven’t had doctors bills. You can quickly and easily get thousands in the retirement portion of your account.

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  1. […] written about HSA’s previously here and here.  But it seems some people still don’t get it.Since HSA’s are a fairly new […]

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